Saturday, March 21, 2020

Haskell IDE 2020

Haskell tooling has improved, but getting an IDE-like setup is still tricky. It took me some trial and error finding a good Haskell environment. I tried 3 modern libraries implementing IDE functionality for Haskell:

  • Intero
  • haskell-ide-engine (HIE )
  • SpaceVim Haskell Layer

I tested Intero on OS X and Windows 10, haskell-ide-engine on OS X and SpaceVim Haskell layer on Windows. But they should probably also work on Linux, WSL etc.


Intero


I had good experience combining Intero and Haskero VS Code plugin. It is not great but I got it to work with syntax highlighting, code completion and goto definitions.







Intero is based on a fork of the GHC compiler and a downside is that Intero is no longer maintained, but it works up till GHC 8.6 the second last version of the GHC compiler.

Intero Installation



  • Install Stack
  • Install Intero using Stack
  • Install the Haskero VS Code plugin
  • Create a project that is using GHC 8.6
  • Open VS Code in the project


Creating New Project


stack install intero
export PATH=$PATH:~/.local/bin/
stack new myproject --resolver lts-14.27
cd myproject
code .




haskell-ide-engine (HIE)


haskell-ide-engine is currently the most advanced IDE project for Haskell. It is using the LSP, the language server protocol that was started on VS Code. HIE should work with editors supporting LSP.




HIE with VS Code


I read a post from a programmer who got HIE working with VS Code on the Mac. I was not able to get HIE working with VS Code. The consensus on Reddit was that other programmers were not able to get it working either.


HIE with Neovim


HIE did work with Neovim without too much work. Here is what I did:


Install HIE


git clone https://github.com/haskell/haskell-ide-engine --recursive
cd haskell-ide-engine
stack ./install.hs hie-8.6.5


Install Neovim with LSP Support


I used Neovim 0.5 beta with builtin LSP, language server protocol.

You can also do:
brew install neovim

and install vim-lsp coc.


Configure Neovim to Work with HIE


Add the following to your config file:
~/.config/nvim/init.vim

call plug#begin('~/.vim/plugged')
Plug 'scrooloose/nerdtree'{ 'on':  'NERDTreeToggle' }
Plug 'autozimu/LanguageClient-neovim'{
      \ 'branch''next',
      \ 'do''./install.sh'
      \ }
call plug#end()
let g:LanguageClient_serverCommands = { 'haskell': ['hie-wrapper''--lsp'}
nnoremap :call LanguageClient_contextMenu()
" Or map each action separately                  
nnoremap K :call LanguageClient#textDocument_hover()
nnoremap gd :call LanguageClient#textDocument_definition()
nnoremap :call LanguageClient#textDocument_rename()


Retro with Neovim


Neovim is more complicated than I like an editor to be. However with LSP integration Vim and Neovim are providing power that justifies a small learning curve.

Programming Haskell in Neovim brings me back to computing in the 1980s, before we had GUI there were still very powerful development environments running in very little memory.


SpaceVim Haskell Layer


It took a little work to get SpaceVim installed on Windows. First I installed Neovim with Scoop:

scoop install neovim

SpaceVim is a configuration for Vim and Neovim. The main idea in SpaceVim is that you hit the space bar and it will show you what options you have.

The Haskell Layer worked quite well and looked good. I used the new Windows Terminal with split screen and a stack build loop in the other pane.




Configure Neovim / SpaceVim


Installing Spacevim Haskell Layer was very easy. Just add these 2 lines to ~/.SpaceVim/init.toml:

[[layers]]
  name = "lang#haskell"


Conclusion


Haskell already has an intimidating learning curve. With immature tooling Haskell is a language for language researchers and diehard hackers.

Haskell tooling has gotten much better, but I am spoiled and I prefer to work in an IDE-like environment.

Haskell does not have a first class IDE like IntelliJ for Java, but Intero with VS Code, haskell-ide-engine with Neovim and SpaceVim with Haskell layer all provide a pleasant development environment.

Haskell is now ready for casual users to explore a pure functional language and see if they find mathematical enlightenment.